The past two decades have witnessed spectacular conceptual and methodological advances in the biomedical/biobehavioral sciences, and especially in neuroscience. Developments in molecular biology, developmental and cell biology, neuroimaging, computer modeling, and the cognitive sciences have offered unprecedented insights to fundamental problems in the neurosciences. Significant steps are now being taken toward elucidating genetic and environmental disease mechanisms. New areas for fruitful investigation are developing, and scientists from a variety of backgrounds and disciplines meet at the frontiers.
The neuroscience community is poised for a quantum leap in the understanding of the biological substrates of phenomena that have provoked philosophical and scientific inquiry for thousands of years, including language, memory, emotional processing, social conduct, personality, decision-making, planning and judgment.